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Saint Augustine, Northeast Florida
Going public with archaeology for outreach, assistance to local governments, and service to the citizens and state of Florida. Visit our website at: http://flpublicarchaeology.org/nerc/
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Update from the Field: Monitoring at Marinlend Midden with Miranda

 Miranda has been out visiting field schools and sites throughout the Northeast Region as part of here summer internship with us. Here's some notes from her latest visit to a shell midden in Marineland, FL. To learn more about Miranda, check out her first blog and her blog on UNF's field school.

What did you find a the site? We found lots of oyster shells, some drum fish bones and other animal bones.

What was interesting about the site? The site was interesting because it was located right next to Marineland.

How does it compare to other places you visit this summer? The Marineland site was nothing like Big Talbot Island. In Big Talbot Island, the mounds were trash midden. It was full of trash (other artifacts), but the Marineland midden was mostly full of oyster shells. It was a cool experience to be able to go out and see so many oyster shells in one area. There were a couple of animal bones and conch shells, which were in good condition. I found a drum fish bone, which was cool. Before that day I had no idea drum fish even existed!

I was put in charge of the HMS paper work and had to list the possible hazards and condition of the site as well as the location and whether or not I recommended the site be visited by another ream. It was an interesting experience. I must say it was quite exciting begin able to see thousands of oyster shells near the roots of a fallen tree.

Words and images by Miranda Van Zyl, FPAN Intern.

Update from the Field: Miranda's Visit to UNF's Field School on Big Talbot Island

 Miranda has been out visiting field schools and sites throughout the Northeast Region as part of here summer internship with us. Here's some notes from her latest visit to the University of North Florida's field school on Big Talbot Island. To learn more about Miranda, check out her first blog and her blog about monitoring at Marineland.

What did you find at the site?
Dr. Keith Ashley was the site manager of the field school, who kindly let me monitor and learn. Although I did not get to get down and dig, I still got more experience than most teens. This was a Timucuan site where the native peoples dumped their trash. We found broken pottery, oyster shells and animal bones. Since this site is known to be a midden, basically an old trash pile, it had the basic stuff you would expect to find.

What was interesting about the site? This area was interesting because there were only 2 to 3 units in the whole area and one of them was mostly just shells. Most would think that if there was a trash pile then the natives must have lived close by and for most times that is the case. I am not certain if there was a Timucuan village nearby.

How does it compare to other places you visited this summer? This site is similar to Bulow Plantation because the Timucuans would throw things just like the African American slaves did at the plantation: broken or worn out tools, broken pottery, maybe even broken jewelry (though they have not found any), animal bones (from food), or just oyster shells. They would throw out the trash because they wouldn't need it anymore.

At the Bulow Plantation site, we had the chance to dig through the foundations and remains of the slaves' quarters that were burnt to the ground during the Second Seminole War. There, similarly, we also found broken pottery that was probably left behind when the slaves had to flee their home while under attack. 

Finding the artifacts was an exciting experience. Getting to touch and feel the designs of the pottery, feeling the grooves and the smoothness of the artifacts was cool. Being able to see and touch these items as you find them, makes you feel as if you have stepped back in time.

Words and images by Miranda Van Zyl, FPAN Intern.

Why DO Cemeteries Matter?

CRPT Conference cemetery day in Huguenot Cemetery
Why are these people pointing at a headstone?

Recording lesson in Huguenot Cemetery
 Why are these people walking around a cemetery?

Photogrammetry lesson in Huguenot Cemetery
Why are these people listening to this guy?

Representative Cyndi Stevenson opening remarks at this year's CRPT Conference
Why would people fill up a room to hear talks about cemeteries?

Last month, FPAN hosted the third CRPT (Cemetery Resource Protection Training) Conference at Flagler College in St. Augustine, FL.  The room above was filled with seventy people who took two days out of their lives to learn and share ideas about cemetery preservation and protection.  

A question we are frequently asked is: "WHY DO CEMETERIES MATTER?"  We figured who better to pose this question to than our CRPT Conference attendees!  We received many different answers which we posted on the wall:

We discovered that CEMETERIES MATTER BECAUSE....

..... they honor people who did not make the history books

.... they are living museums that spark interest in family and community history

.... you can find lost ancestors

.... they have much to say about peoples, cultures and societies

.... they allow our imagination to place ourselves in a past that would otherwise be one dimensional

.... they're awesome

..... they're beautiful

.... they are places of rest for the dead and places of reflection for the living

.... they are tangible evidence of the past

.... maintaining cemeteries keeps communities safe, overgrown cemeteries can promote crime

.... they provide wildlife refuges and green spaces for cities

.... heritage adds to our sense of place and to the human experience

.... every tombstone has a story to tell

The above list is just a sampling of their answers which ranged from archaeological, historical, environmental, practical, to deeply personal.  Self-interest factors in as another reason to protect the final resting places of the deceased for its only a matter of time before we inevitably join their ranks.

"It's a funny old world - a man's lucky if he gets out of it alive."
    -   W. C. Fields

If you have a reason why cemeteries matter to you, email me at rboggs@flagler.edu and I'll add your reason to our growing list!

Photos and text by FPAN Staff, Robbie Boggs

3D Headstones: Follow-up From CRPT III

3DF Zephyr, Free 3D Modeling Software

Screenshot of 3D headstone captured as part of workshop at Huguenot Cemetery during CRPTIII. Link HERE.

Did you miss the recent Cemetery Resource Protection Training Conference III? If so, you missed a lot. I mean, everyone just blew it out of the water this time around, organizers and attendees. If you missed it, catch a quick peek below.

One of the things that I spoke about at the conference was the practical use of 3D imaging for documenting historic headstones. I'm a huge fan of the technology and see 3D visualization as a future standard component of archaeological research. In the meantime, it's still fairly new to most people. Like many new technologies there is a belief that it's too expensive, too new, or too hard to learn. During the conference I introduced new 3D photogrammetry software that released a basic version for free just days before conference, 3DF Zephyr. The free version will process up to 50 images and there are a ton of great tutorials out there. There is now no excuse for incorporating 3D data into your documentation practices! For most headstones, 50 images is a fairly good number to use for processing. It won't work for everything, of course, but it's a great way to learn this powerful program at no real cost to you. Below are links to practice pic sets that I have used in teaching photogrammetry processing as well as a few choice tutorials. Take a look and make it a weekend project to learn the basics-that's about all it will take. As you get better at 3D processing you will outgrow the free version of the software and it may be time to upgrade. If you are affiliated with a non-profit or educational institution there are almost always great discounts to take advantage of, however, so think about this as a long term investment in a fantastic documentation technique.

Use these two practice sets as a starting point
Practice set 2: Easy with problem

The 3DF Zephyr team has a great set of tutorials to go through HERE.
Here is a great basic tutorial (embeded above) for 3DF Zephyr HERE.
Using coded targets can increase accuracy, learn more HERE.
Check out the 3Dflow YouTube channel for much more HERE.

This is just a start, there's so much more out there and just around the corner. Best of luck to you as you begin to learn this exciting new technology.

Be sure to share your future 3D projects with us! Use the hashtag #3DFPAN so we can keep track of all the great documentation happening out there.

Text: Kevin Gidusko
Videos: FPAN staff, or noted via links

Meet our Summer Intern: Miranda

Hi... My name is Miranda. I am going into my senior year at Allen D. Nease High School. I am in the NJROTC and am an Ambassador in Girl Scouts, working on my Gold Award. I have a keen interest in Archaeology and have been lucky enough to get the opportunity to be a part of FPAN this summer, and get a chance to be out in the field with real archaeologists!

Cleaning tombstones at the CRPT Conference.
I was offered an internship with Emily Jane Murray and she has worked out a program that I will be following during my summer. So far, I have attended the CRPT Conference for 2 days, where we got to learn about the preservation of cemeteries, grave sites and tombstones and how to preserve and clean them for the next generations.

In a unit at Bulow!
We also joined Dr. Davidson and his University of Florida students at Bulow Plantation, where we dug at the site of old African-American slave housing. Finding artifacts at this site was both fun and very interesting.

I also got to participate in 3D photogrammetry and printing with Kevin at the FPAN East Central office, located in the historic town of Sanford. I learned how to take picture of artifacts to later make them into 3D images on the computer. I also learned how to create and manipulate a 3D image on the computer from photos we had taken the week before while attending the CRPT Conference. That was cool! I can see how this will become the technology of the future, and can see it being used to help archaeologists study artifacts and potentially reconstruct sites to imagine what they originally looked like. I plan to learn more about 3D photogrammetry and GIS technology as I start my career in archaeology.

Text by Miranda Van Zyl, FPAN Staff, and photos by John Van Zyl.

Conversations about Conferences: Association for Gravestone Studies 2017, Tuscaloosa, AL

I hit the road last week for Tuscaloosa, Alabama to attend my first Association for Gravestones Studies Conference. Unlike many of the archaeology conferences I attend, this one was a lot more diverse: cemetery conservators, historic preservationists, archaeologists, historians, genealogists, folk-lorists, political scientists, artists, and more. The week involved papers, tours and workshops, affectionately called "Cemetery Camp" by the conference veterans. When I got back this week, Robbie and I sat down to talk about my experience.

Robbie: What did you expect in attending the AGS 2017 conference?

Emily Jane:I don't know if I quite knew what to expect. I guess something akin to an archaeology conference - papers on a range of topics, some fun tours and a hands-on workshop in conservation. I was a little intimidated by the 9am-11pm scheduling every day! (The late night presentations turned out to be a lot of fun things and involved snacks. :) )

R: What did you hope to get out of it?

EJ: I hoped to learn more advanced techniques for cemetery preservation and network with other cemetery groups across the country. I presented on our own CRPT program and hoped to inspire others to do similar workshops back in their local communities.

R: What did you actually learn?

EJ: I learned that while there's a lot of variability throughout the cemeteries in the US (and beyond!) in terms of headstones, burial practices and cemetery styles, many places still face similar issues in terms of neglect and preservation issues. I was inspired to hear about work happening in cemeteries everywhere.

R: What was the hardest part of attending AGS?

EJ: The hardest part of this AGS was the weather. But the conference attendees were unwilling to let rain ruin our fun. I received the best conference swag ever: an umbrella! And we sure put them to use on cemetery tours, while walking across campus to various papers, and even when working on conservation.
Everyone made good use of their conference umbrellas!
R: What will you bring back from the conference to share with the public?

EJ: I learned a lot more about cemetery preservation and conservation that I'm excited to share with people in Florida. I got to reset headstones (both small ones by hand as well as stacked monuments using a tripod lifting system), reattach broken stones with epoxy and mortar, and even do some fill work with lime mortar. I learned a lot more about D2 and got some good perspective on cleaning stones - like how cleaning a stone qualifies as a treatment.
A fellow attendee and I worked on filling the back of this stone. Not too bad for our first time!
Resetting the large monument with setting compound.
Learning what not to do can sometimes be as useful as learning what to do.

R: What sessions and activities did you take part of?

EJ: I attended several tours including rural cemeteries in Tuscaloosa County and Birmingham as well as sat in on numerous papers about everything from Coon Dog Cemeteries to the best preventative treatments to help lessen damage from grafitti. My favorite session was the hands-on conservation training I just mentioned.

Comb grave markers, common to TN and AL, in a bare earth cemetery at Macedonia Methodist Church.
Touring the Knesseth-Israel Beth-El Cemetery in Birmingham.
R: Do you have plans for next year's conference?

EJ: I'd love to go! It will be in Danbury, CT, which is a state I've never been to. I had some conversations about holding a session on new technologies in cemetery research - things like photogrammetry, drones, virtual reality and more.

For more information on the Association for Gravestone Studies, check out their website.

Photos and text by Emily Jane Murray, FPAN Staff.

A Tour of St. Augustine's Historic Cemeteries

During our CRPT Conference III, we hosted a trolley tour of St. Augustine's historic cemeteries in chronological order. For those who couldn't make it, here's the abbreviated version. Be sure to check out links to blog posts to learn more about each cemetery.

St. Augustine Archaeological Association volunteers help out at Los Remdios.
Nuestra Señora de Los Remedios (Our Lady of Remedies)
Los Remedios was built in 1572 when St. Augustine relocated to its current downtown location, arguably making the church the oldest documented church in the US. Archaeologists have recently uncovered the remains of what could be St. Augustine's earliest colonists. While research is still ongoing, analysis of the burials could provide insights into 16th century life in the City. Read more here.

Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (Our Lady of Solitude) – Sisters of St. Joseph parking lot, St. George Street
The site was discovered to be the remains of a 16th century Spanish chapel shrine, parish, hospital, and cemetery with potentially hundreds of individuals. The Spanish used this cemetery for over 200 years, with little change in internment patterns. The cemetery is used during the British period, from 1763-1783, and the differences was very noticeable in the burial practices – even switching the direction of the burials. Read more here.

Nuestra Señora de la Punta - end of Tremerton Street
A church and cemetery occupied this site between 1720s-1750s and was part of a mission for Yamassee and Apalachee Indians fleeing the English colonists in (South) Carolina for a more tolerant Spanish community. The green space protects the burials of more than 75 individuals, mostly buried beneath the church floor. La Punta was abandoned around 1755. Read more here.

Photo Credit: Historic Cemeteries
Tolomato Cemetery – Cordova Street
Established in 1777, Tolomato Cemetery is the nation’s oldest extant European cemetery – meaning oldest cemetery with above-ground features. It was a Catholic burial site used until 1884 but did have one unauthorized burial in 1886: Catalina Usina Llambias. Many of the burials were once marked with wooden crosses. Read more here.

Photo Credit: Historic Cemeteries

Public Burial Ground/Huguenot Cemetery – corner of S Castillo Drive and Orange Street
Huguenot Cemetery was created in 1821 to serve as a protestant burial ground during an outbreak of yellow fever. The last burials in the cemetery occur in 1884, when both Huguenot and Tolomato are closed due to over-crowding and concerns of graveyards in cities. Huguenot has a wide range of 19th century funerary art. Many of the headstones were imported from Charleston, SC. Read more here.

Dade Monument at the National Cemetery.
St. Augustine National Cemetery – Marine Street
National Cemetery is not the oldest officially sanctioned National Cemetery but it is one of the oldest military cemeteries in the US. It has been a burial ground since 1828 and in 1842 officers of the Second Seminole War were reinterred here. It became Florida’s first National Cemetery in 1881. The Dade Monument memorializes the remains of the soldiers reinterred from Major Dade’s battle in Bushnell under coquina pyramids. Read more about the cemetery itself here or about its significance to the Seminole Wars here.

Graves of the Sisters of St. Joseph.
Nombre de Dios – 27 Ocean Avenue
Mission Nombre de Dios, which dates from 1677-1728, has one of the largest churches as well as the only stone mission church in Florida. Archaeologists with the University of Florida Natural History Museum have been uncovering the foundation of this coquina building. However, they haven’t found any evidence of burials from this time period. When Tolomato and Huguenot Cemeteries were closed in 1884, the Catholic Church opened the grounds at Nombre de Dios to be used as a burial ground. The site was used until San Lorenzo opened in the 1890s. Read more here.

FPAN at the NCPTT 3D Digital Documentation Summit

NCPTT 3D Digital Documentation Summit

In mid-April I had the chance to attend a National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT) summit that focused on 3D digital documentation and other advances in the field of digital heritage preservation. The summit was held in New Orleans at the historic New Orleans Mint, now a museum which also hosts the great "Music at the Mint" jazz series. The summit brought together professionals working in digital documentation and preservation from around the world for three days to share their work, discuss the future of the field, and tackle issues the field is facing today.

The New Orleans Mint from a 1907 Postcard, Wikipedia image.

The papers ranged widely in subject matter and focus. The unifying them of all, however, was the need to expand and define the capabilities of 3D technology in the fields of heritage preservation and archaeology. While the first two days were filled with presentations and round-tables, the last day was dedicated to workshops in the field. We all piled into a bus and went to St. Louis Cemetery #2 to try our hand at using LiDAR, drones, and photogrammetry to create 3D models of the cemetery.

St. Louis Cemetery 2, from Save Our Cemeteries

Be sure to check out the link above to learn about all of the talks at the NCPTT summit. Below is a short overview of a few of the talks I found particularly interesting and applicable to archaeological work

I. "Technology for the People: Developing a Low Cost Heritage Documentation Kit to Spur Innovation in Digital Preservation."
Kacey Hadick and Scott Lee, CyArk

CyArk is one of the first to make forays into 3D digital documentation and their mission to preserve at-risk cultural heritage sites is commendable. I'm a big fan of their work so I was excited to see this presentation. Kacey Hadick presented on CyArk's new initiative to create low cost ($1,500) kits for digital documentation that could be deployed into areas where sites are at risk. Video tutorials get users prepped to begin collecting data. CyArk sees several applications for their kits and I have to agree; getting this kind of technology into areas where conflict or natural disasters threaten important cultural sites is a fantastic way to head off permanent loss. Kacey did a short blog over at the CyArk page which you can check out HERE.

II. "Beyond Hype and Promise: Digital Heritage Strategies in Our Nation's Parks for Preservation, 3D Learning, Outreach, and Education."
Lori Collins and Travis Doering, USF Library Digital Heritage and Humanities Collections

Lori and Travis have been pumping out great 3D digital documentation work at USF for as long as I can remember. Currently, they are heading USF Library's Digital Heritage and Humanities Collections. In this presentation, Lori discussed how 3D documentation can be used to preserve and interpret fragile sites in the National Park System. One of the most important points was that this kind of documentation isn't just about creating engaging pictures; this kind of data collection can allow for the long-term preservation and interpretation of sites by focusing on making the outputs user/public-friendly. That's doubly important if your end user is, you know, the client. If they can't interact with the data, what good is it? One of my other favorite takeaways was Lori's discussion of the technology "hype cycle." Go check out the link for a further discussion, but essentially it's important to remember that new technology doesn't solve all problems. Indeed, it often just brings a new set with it as it becomes more commonly used.

Technology hype cycle, Wikipedia image

II. "3D Digital Documentation and Analysis of the Reef Bay Valley Petroglyphs."
Travis Doering and Lori Collins, USF Library Digital Heritage and Humanities Collections

Travis, the other part of the USF team, gave a fantastic presentation on the use of 3D documentation to better define and interpret imperiled petroglyphs at a National Park site on the U.S. Virgin Islands. The petroglyphs had been imperfectly documented prior to his work and site interpretations were thus based on that imperfect data. By showing how 3D visualization allows for a better, more precise site-wide view for the archaeologist, Travis demonstrated the impact that these types of technologies are already having in the field.

Reef Bay Petroglyphs, Wikipedia image

I learned a great deal from my time being around so many folks whose work I have been admiring from afar these last few years. These technologies are barreling towards us and offer a number of magnificent opportunities to better preserve, and more importantly, share our investigations with the public. Be sure to keep an eye on the folks who presented at this summit, we're sure to hear more great things from them. And that's no hype.

Text: Kevin Gidusko
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Orleans_Mint
2. http://www.saveourcemeteries.org/st-louis-cemetery-no-2/
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hype_cycle
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reef_Bay_Trail_petroglyphs

Preliminary Program: CRPT Conference III

Final to be posted May 30th

Registration $60

Thursday, June 1, 8-5pm Flagler College, Reception 6-7:30 Corazon
8:00 am        Registration, Ringhaver Student Center, Flagler College
8:30 am        Welcome and introductions

8:45 am   Track A: Intro Cemetery Resources Protection Training (CRPT)
Recommended for first time CRPT attendees

     Introduction to Historic Cemetery Management
     Navigating Florida's Burial Laws
     Florida Master Site File
     Historic Cemeteries and Sea Level Rise   

8:45 am      Track B: Current Issues in Florida Cemeteries (20 minutes each)

Creating a Long-Term Management Plan for Tampa's Oldest Public Cemetery
Jeff Moates, FPAN West Central

Tales from the CRPT: Engaging College-Level Students in Local Archaeology (St. Lucie County, FL)  
Kyle Freund, Indian River State College, and Kevin Gidusko, FPAN East Central

The Cemetery Dash: Monitoring Cemeteries through HMS Florida
Rachael Kangas, FPAN Southwest

Memorializing the Sons of Israel in North Florida: A Comparison of the St. Augustine and Gainesville Historic Jewish Cemeteries
David Markus, University of Florida

Estate Land for Sale, "Families Included"
Shelby Bender, East Hillsborough Historical Society

The Differences in Cemetery Management: Public versus Private 
Megan Liebold, FPAN Northeast

Past Reality Meets Reality Television and Social Media: How Perceptions of a Slave Cemetery Help Frame Education, Outreach, and Scholarship
Dr. Helen Blouet, Utica College

The Silent History of Forgotten Lives Buried in Paradise
Dr. Alisha Winn, Storm of '28 Memorial Park Coalition, Inc

Lunch on your own

1 pm Panel: Disaster Management for Cemeteries During Crisis and Calm
   Salvatore Cumella, City of Fernandina Beach   
   Anne Lewellen, National Park Service
   Elizabeth Gessener, Tolomato Cemetery Preservation Association
   Jennifer Wolfe, City of St. Augustine
   Margo Stringfield, UWF Archaeology Institute

3:30 pm Special session: Forgotten Cemeteries of St. Augustine
Featuring preliminary findings of the recent Los Remedios Burials
   Dr. Kathleen Deagan, Florida Museum of Natural History, UF
   Carl Halbirt, City of St. Augustine
   Dr. John Krigbaum, University of Florida

6-7:30 pm Awards Reception and Keynote, Corazon Cinema and Cafe

Florida's Historic Cemeteries: Significance and Salvation
Margo Stringfield, M.A., Research Archaeologist 
University of West Florida Archaeology Institute

Friday, June 2, 8am-12pm, hands-on work stations and trolley tour
Tolomato Cemetery: limewashing and headstone cleaning
Huguenot Cemetery: digital scanning and documentation

Track A:  8 am Tolomato Cemetery/9 am Huguenot Cemetery    
Track B: 8 am Huguenot Cemetery/9 am Tolomato Cemetery

Tour of Cemeteries at Risk -  meet at the trolley stop north of Parking Garage

Lunch on your own downtown St. Augustine

1- 5 pm Jay's Corner, 1st Floor Ringhaver Student Center, Flagler College
Free and open to the public

1 pm Forming an American Gravestones Studies Florida Chapter Round Table

2 pm Special Topics in Cemetery Preservation and Interpretation (30 min. each)
     Genealogy and Archival Research for Cemeteries, Vishi Garig, Clay County Archives
     Bringing Cemeteries Alive: Interpretation of Historic Cemeteries, Matthew Armstrong, UF
     Engaging Communities in Cemetery Preservation, Margo Stringfield, UWF
     Documenting Historic Cemeteries in 3D, Kevin Gidusko, FPAN East Central
     Monitoring Cemeteries through HMS Florida, Emily Jane Murray, FPAN Northeast

Concluding remarks and evaluation


Speaker Bios and Presentation Abstracts (in order of agenda)

Creating a Long-Term Management Plan for Tampa's Oldest Public Cemetery
Jeff Moates, Director, Florida Public Archaeology Network, West Central and Central Regions

Abstract: Tampa's oldest public burying ground, Oaklawn Cemetery, prospers and declines through renewed management efforts every few decades. The City of Tampa wants to break this cycle and create a new management plan. The City and a local cemetery advocacy group invited FPAN to facilitate this effort. FPAN staff and USF Anthropology are now taking first steps with a mapping and remote sensing survey.

Jeff earned a M.A. in History/Historical Archaeology and a B.A. in Anthropology from the University of West Florida. Jeff's work experiences prior to FPAN include employment as a field tech and crew chief with Archaeological Consultants, Inc, an underwater archaeologist for the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research, and museum curator at the Florida Maritime Museum at Cortez. Jeff enjoys coffee and mullet, but not necessarily at the same time.

Tales from the CRPT: Engaging College-Level Students in Local Archaeology (St. Lucie County, FL)
Dr. Kyle Freund, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Indian River State College
Kevin Gidusko, Public Archaeology Coordinator, Florida Public Archaeology Network East Central Region

Abstract: This paper discusses the Field Methods in Cemetery Archaeology course being offered at Indian River State College (IRSC), in which students are recording individual grave markers at historic cemeteries in St. Lucie County, Florida. Students study firsthand the diverse ways in which various cultural groups have commemorated those who have passed, and the information they collect becomes part of a larger publicly available database of Florida grave markers. Students gain an appreciation for the importance of preserving our community’s cultural heritage and the destructive risks that many local cemeteries face, in turn drawing a connection between the past and present. 

Dr. Kyle Freund was an undergrad at the University of Florida, holds a M.A. in Applied Anthropology from the University of South Florida and completed his Ph.D. in Anthropology at McMaster University (Ontario) before joining the faculty of Indian River State College in 2015. Prof. Freund's primary research centers on prehistoric farming communities of the central Mediterranean, with an emphasis on the reflexive relationship between material culture and long-term social processes. 

Kevin Gidusko graduated in 2011 from the University of Central Florida with a B.A. in Anthropology and shortly after began work in FPAN’s East Central Region conducting public outreach and education. He has been in involved in historic and prehistoric archaeology in the Central Florida region since 2009. Kevin served as president of the Central Florida Anthropological Society from 2009-2015. He returned to UCF to work toward a Master’s degree in Anthropology where his research focuses on the use of ground penetrating radar, photogrammetry, geographic information systems (GIS), and other remote sensing applications in archaeology. His specialties include Florida archaeology, prehistoric archaeology, geophysical applications in archaeology, and public archaeology.

The Cemetery Dash: Monitoring Historic Cemeteries through HMS Florida
Rachael Kangas M.A., RPA, Public Archaeology Coordinator, Florida Public Archaeology Network, Southwest Region

Abstract: FPAN’s Heritage Monitoring Scout program kicked off in the fall of 2016 and a month after a challenge was issued: monitor every historic cemetery across the state! Or at least try for 50 out of the 1,300 recorded historic cemeteries listed on the Florida Master Site File. This presentation will demonstrate how the Cemetery Dash challenge launched in southwest Florida last fall and end on lessons learned for Scouts willing to take up the gauntlet in 2017.

Rachael Kangas earned her M.A. from the University of Central Florida (UCF) in 2015 and her Maya Studies Certificate from UCF in 2014. She is the Public Archaeology Coordinator for the Southwest Region of the Florida Public Archaeology Network, and conducts public archaeology and outreach in the region. She has participated in multiple field seasons in the Americas and had the opportunity to conduct lab work and teach during her time at UCF.

Memorializing the Sons of Israel in North Florida: A Comparison of the St. Augustine and Gainesville Historic Jewish Cemeteries
David Markus and Simon Goldstone, University of Florida, Department of Anthropology

Abstract: The Sons of Israel Cemetery in St. Augustine and the Bene Israel Cemetery in Gainesville represent two of the oldest Jewish specific burial grounds in Florida and have been in use since the mid 19th Century. As both cemeteries have similar dates of origin and are of roughly equivalent size, comparing the cemetery layouts and the composition of their headstones provides a unique perspective on the Jewish communities on the Florida frontier. This paper will compare the material, iconographic, and linguistic choices made by the respective communities to better understand the development of the Jewish presence in North Florida.

David M. Markus, MA, RPA is an advanced doctoral candidate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Florida. He received his Master’s in Anthropology from the University of Arkansas in 2011. He has been conducting archaeological research in North America and the Caribbean for over 10 years. His dissertation research covers the Archaeology of Jewish Diaspora in the 19th Century American South.

Simon Goldstone, MA is a doctoral student in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Florida. He received his Master’s in Anthropology from East Carolina University in 2016. His Master’s research focused on headstone iconography and cemetery patterning in North Carolina. His current research is on the Archaeology of Jewish Diaspora in Florida.

Estate Land for Sale, "Families Included"
Shelby Bender, Director, East Hillsborough Historical Society 

Abstract: Looking for a place to settle down and raise your family? Looking for a place to settle down that comes with its own family? Look NO more! What action can you take when you find out that a cemetery is headed to the auction block?  Are there steps you can take to assure a level of protection/recognition? Take action before the SOLD gavel comes down and the story of the disappearing grave begins to be penned!

Shelby Jean Roberson Bender is the Executive Director and President of the East Hillsborough Historical Society.  EHHS’s offices, Pioneer Museum and Quintilla Geer Bruton Archives Center are located in the historic 1914 Plant City High School Community Center. Bender, an eighth generation Floridian, shares her interest in history and preservation with her family, friends and community.  She holds both state and county Florida Pioneer Descendant certificates.  She serves as Chairman of the City of Plant City Historic Resources Board which oversees three local and national register historic districts and serves on the Hillsborough County Historic Advisory Council and the Hillsborough County Historic Preservation Challenge Grant Panel. She has co-authored four books on Plant City history and Tampa’s historic cemeteries, conducts workshops and seminars and is a member of the EHHS, Plant City Main Street Board of Directors, Florida State Genealogical Society (Secretary), Huxford Genealogical Society, Ybor City Museum Society, Association of Professional Genealogists and the Association of Gravestone Studies and other historical and genealogical societies. She holds a Bachelor of Arts from Saint Leo University and a Non-Profit Management Certificate from the University of South Florida. She and her husband Andy have three adult sons and along with their families enjoy outdoor hobbies and family time.

The Differences in Cemetery Management: Public v. Private
Meagan Liebold, Outreach Assistant, FPAN Northeast; Student, Leicester University

Abstract: The management of cemeteries differ between the private vs. public ownership sectors. This discussion focuses discussing these categories, laws pertaining to each, and the differences in management plans that can be seen in each sector. 

Megan Liebold earned a B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Central Florida and is currently enrolled in a Masters program at the University of Leicester. She served as Outreach Assistant for the Florida Public Archaeology Network's Northeast Region and continues to consult with the center on select projects. Her interests include historic cemeteries, underwater archaeology and osteoarchaeology.

Past Reality Meets Reality Television and Social Media: How Perceptions of a Slave Cemetery Help Frame Education, Outreach, and Scholarship
Helen Blouet, PhD. Associate Professor of Anthropology, Utica College

Abstract:  This paper describes reference to a slave cemetery on the reality television show, Southern Charm. In particular, I interpret ideas shared on social media in response to this scene, including empathy for as well as fear and avoidance of the cemetery and the interred. People also expressed discontent over how the burial site was portrayed and treated by cast members and producers. I argue that reflection on and engagement with public understandings of intersections between slavery, death, and burial can help improve teaching and learning of these subjects in schools, museums, and historical sites of interest.

Dr. Helen Blouet received her B.A. in anthropology from the College of William and Mary, and her M.A. and Ph.D from Syracuse University. Helen's dissertation research examined the ways in which people in 18th and 19th century Caribbean communities utilized burial practices and commemorated the dead. She is most interest in how, given identities and categories of race, class and religion, people created commemorative similarities and differences through their access to funerary resources. Dr. Blouet continues to research death, burial and commemoration in Caribbean history.

The Silent History of Forgotten Lives Buried in Paradise
Dr. Alisha R. Winn, Applied Cultural Anthropologist, Storm of '28 Memorial Park Coalition, Inc.

Abstract: On September 6, 1928, a major hurricane hit the east coast of Palm Beach County Florida, causing the flooding of Lake Okeechobee, and drowning 3000 people living in the surrounding areas. Due to lack of burial space in greater impacted storm areas, many victims were buried in West Palm Beach, Florida. White victims were identified, and buried at Woodlawn cemetery, but 674 Black unidentified victims were laid in a mass gravesite in a historic African American neighborhood, remaining unmarked and un-kept until 2004. Although today, historical markers represent the victims in the space, this gravesite is a disturbing reminder of the silenced lives and importance of recognizing invisible history.

Dr. Alisha R. Winn is an applied cultural anthropologist whose community-engaged work focuses on race, identity, language, historic preservation, museums, and heritage education for youth. She earned her Ph.D. in Applied Anthropology from the University of South Florida. Currently, she is a consultant in preservation and community building efforts for West Palm Beach’s Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) in the Historic Northwest District, the Spady Cultural Heritage Museum in Delray Beach, and the Storm of '28 Memorial Park Coalition, Inc., where she assists in education awareness and museum development for the mass gravesite of the 674 victims of the 1928 hurricane located in an African American community in West Palm Beach, FL. Dr. Winn also teaches anthropology to community and religious institutions; helping individuals outside of the classroom gain an appreciation for the discipline's usefulness and relevance.

Panel: Disaster Management for Cemeteries During Crisis and Calm
    Salvatore Cumella, City of Fernandina Beach
    Elizabeth Gessener, Tolomato Cemetery Preservation Association
    Anne Lewellen, National Park Service
    Margo Stringfield, UWF Archaeology Institute
    Jennifer Wolfe, City of St. Augustine

Salvatore Cumella is the Historic Preservation Planner for City of Fernandina Beach and is finishing up his M.A. degree in Historic Preservation from the University of Florida this summer. As the new Historic Preservation Planner for the City of Fernandina Beach, Sal is responsible for all planning efforts within the City that relate to historic resources. This includes Bosque Bello, the city-owned original Spanish cemetery that was associated with Old Town Fernandina and Fort San Carlos. He is interested not only in the preservation of historic cemeteries, but also the creative programing and education outreach opportunities possible within these historic resources.

Elizabeth Duran Gessner is a St Augustine resident and was one of the founders of the Tolomato Cemetery Preservation Association in 2010. She is currently the president of the Association. Elizabeth is from New York City, and is a product of The City College of New York. With a background in art, art history and languages, she has worked in the legal translation field and has studied and traveled extensively in Spain and Europe, visiting cemeteries all over the Continent.  Elizabeth currently arranges and escorts tours to local points of historical interest, and is working not only on the preservation of Tolomato Cemetery, but on its development and interpretation as an important St. Augustine historical site.

Anne Lewellen is the Museum Curator for the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve / Fort Caroline National Memorial in Jacksonville. She has worked for the National Park Service for 20 years at four NPS units. Anne has a Bachelor's degree from the College of Wooster (OH) and a Master's in Museum Studies from the University of Oklahoma. 

Margo Stringfield holds a M.A. degree in Historical Archaeology from the University of West Florida. Along with an ongoing interest in the history and archaeology of Colonial West Florida, Stringfield also works extensively in the field of historic cemetery preservation and conservation. Stringfield is the principal archaeologist for historic St. Michael's Cemetery - one of the oldest cemeteries in Florida. She also works with municipal and private cemetery groups in Florida and regionally to preserve the funerary landscapes of their communities. She is the facilitator for the Pensacola Area Cemetery Team (PACT). She is also co-author of the forthcoming Florida's Historic Cemeteries with Sharyn Thompson.

Jenny Wolfe is the Historic Preservation Officer for the City of St. Augustine and has been with the City for over six years.  She manages the city’s historic preservation program including staff liaison to the Historic Architecture Review Board, the general public, and developing recommendations for preservation programs and policies.  In addition, she proposes and manages grants for special projects like wayfinding markers, historic building rehabilitation, and architectural surveys.  Wolfe is entering her fourth year of service as a Trustee to the Board of the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation and currently serving as Secretary on the Executive Committee.  As a graduate of the University of Florida programs in historic preservation and political science with a minor in dance she is a proud Gator.  While in Gainesville she volunteered with Historic Gainesville Inc. eventually to become President of the Board and volunteered with the Alachua County Humane Society.  In her free time, she enjoys the beach, biking, cooking, camping, traveling, and raising her furbaby Gracie.

Photo Credit: Old City Life.
Special Session: Forgotten Cemeteries of St. Augustine
Featuring preliminary findings of the recent Los Remedios Burials
Dr. Kathleen Deagan, Florida Museum of Natural History, UF
Carl Halbirt, City of St. Augustine
Dr. John Krigbaum, University of Florida

Kathleen Deagan is Distinguished Research Curator of Archaeology Emerita and Adjunct Professor of Anthropology and History Emerita at the University of Florida’s Florida Museum of Natural History. She received her Ph.D. in 1974 from the University of Florida, and after teaching at Florida State University Anthropology Department for eight years, she joined the University of Florida faculty in 1982. Deagan is the author of eight books and more than 65 scientific papers. She was named an Alumna of Outstanding Distinction by the University of Florida in 1998, and is a recipient of the Society for Historical Archaeology’s J.C. Harrington Award for Lifetime Distinction in Historical Archaeology. She was awarded the “Order of La Florida” by the City of St. Augustine in 2007 for distinguished service to the city.  Deagan was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2016.

Carl Halbirt has been the city archaeologist for St. Augustine, Florida, since April 1990, after having worked in various locations in the American Southwest for 16 years.  Since coming to St. Augustine, Halbirt has conducted more than 800 archaeological projects in response to new ground-penetrating construction activities, as mandated by the City of St. Augustine’s  Archaeological Preservation Ordinance.   Although the majority of these projects have dealt with materials dating to the historic era (1565 to the early 20th century), some projects have delved into the prehistoric era.  The data unearthed have enabled Halbirt to gain a unique perspective of St. Augustine’s archaeological landscape.

Halbirt maintains an active role in helping to maintain and interpret St. Augustine’s unique cultural heritage through numerous public outreach programs and presentations at professional conferences, as well as development of an active volunteer program whose members assist in archaeological data recovery and analysis.  These activities have been acknowledged by various organizations, including the Individual Distinguished Service Award by the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation (2015), the City’s Archaeology Program has been recognized by the Advisory Council for Historic Preservation as a Preservation America Steward (2015), and the Ripley P. Bullen Award from the Florida Anthropological Society (2008). In 2001, Halbirt was presented with the City of St. Augustine’s Employee of the Year “for service to the people of St. Augustine through his untiring dedication to the exploration and preservation of the City’s past.”

Dr. John Krigbaum is an Associate Professor and Undergraduate Coordinator for the University of Florida’s Anthropology Department. He completed his dissertation at New York University on “Human paleodiet in tropical Southeast Asia: Isotopic evidence from Niah Cave and Gua Cha.” His major research interests include paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology, human osteology, paleopathology, and paleodiet reconstruction. Three of his recent projects include Palawan Island Pre-/Paleohistoric research, Paleocene-eocene boundary in the continental interior of North America, and an archaeological study of the Red House in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. He is currently working on analysis of the remains from the Charlotte Street burials in St. Augustine. 


Keynote: Florida's Historic Cemeteries: Significance and Salvation
Margo Stringfield, Research Archaeologist, University of West Florida Archaeology Institute

Abstract: Margo will explore why cemeteries are important in telling the story of Florida (and beyond) and explore common threads that link our cemeteries, using sites from across the state. She will discuss how we can approach bringing the message of significance to the public that can in term encourage preserving these important efforts.

Friday On-Site Workshops
Friday morning participants cycle through four work stations (30 minutes each) in two of our oldest cemeteries. At Tolomato Cemetery participants will clean headstones with a D2 solution and limewashing above ground vaults under the supervision of the Tolomato Cemetery Preservation Association volunteers trained by NCPTT. At Huguenot Cemetery participants will practice headstone recording and hear about the year-long San Sebastian Cemetery recording project, then see a demonstration of photogrammetry/3D scanning of monuments at Huguenot in the field. We sincerely thank the Tolomato Cemetery Preservation Association, Catholic Diocese of St. Augustine, Friends of Huguenot Cemetery, and Memorial Presbyterian for their partnership and ongoing support of CRPT programs.

Tour of Cemeteries at Risk -  meet at the trolley stop north of Parking Garage
After working in the cemeteries, included in the registration is a guided trolley tour of cemeteries in St. Augustine that are at risk due to sea level rise and storm surge. The tour is based on resiliency studies conducted by the City of St. Augustine and will go past National Cemetery, Tolomato Cemetery, and Huguenot Cemetery. The trolley route will also go past many of the forgotten cemeteries Dr. Deagan will highlight during her presentation the day before that are no longer visible from the ground surface. Guests can be dropped back at the Visitor Information Center or opt to get dropped off at the Nombre de Dios Shrine and Museum to visit the historic cemetery on the property as well as the casket of Pedro Menendez on display. Thanks to our sponsor Old Town Trolley Tours of St. Augustine for giving us a lift and supporting cultural resources throughout the year!
Forming an American Gravestones Studies Florida Chapter Round Table

American Gravestone Studies (AGS) is a nonprofit organization to foster appreciation of the cultural significance of gravestones and burial grounds through their study and preservation. Chapters exist nationwide to expand public awareness and support for the research, preservation and conservation of grave markers and places of burial. Florida currently has no state or regional chapters, the closest being Alabama, Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. This roundtable will explore the formation of an AGS chapter in Florida, discuss the benefits an AGS chapter would bring to the CRPT Alliance, and formulate next steps a steering committee would need to take on to make a chapter a reality.

Special Topics in Cemetery Preservation and Interpretation
Friday afternoon sessions are free and open to the public. Based on previous CRPT Conference evaluations, these are topics CRPT Alliance members stated they wanted more training in to help develop their cemetery stewardship toolkit. Some of our favorite community cemeterians are bringing case studies and examples to this informal afternoon session so participants can replicate what they’ve done in their own community.
  •      Genealogy and Archival Research for Cemeteries, Vishi Garig, Clay County Archives
  •      Bringing Cemeteries Alive: Interpretation of Historic Cemeteries, Matthew Armstrong, UF
  •      Engaging Communities in Cemetery Preservation, Margo Stringfield, UWF
  •      Documenting Historic Cemeteries in 3D, Kevin Gidusko, FPAN East Central
  •      Monitoring Cemeteries through HMS Florida, Emily Jane Murray, FPAN Northeast

Not yet registered? Registration is $60 to cover access to all presentations and training sessions, keynote and award reception at the Corazon Cinema and Café, and conference materials including t-shirt. Link to REGISTRATION

For more information contact Emily Jane Murrayemurray@flagler.edu

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